Road-map to achieve 24×7 Power for All in Karnataka by 2020

The Policy Group within the Foundation is one of the teams charged with plugging the gaps in the ecosystem from a policy perspective based on inputs from the Foundation’s R&D Labs, practitioners and stakeholders in the sector. This includes facilitating the creation of more practitioner–friendly, field-driven policies that make better integration and implementation of decentralized sustainable energy solutions possible.

SELCO Foundation in collaboration with CSTEP and KERC is working on a “24X7 Power for All: Road Map for Karnataka”. The report attempts to detail the roadmap for achieving 24/7 power in Karnataka, in congruence with our ongoing work on energy access mapping.

In particular, SELCO Foundation’s contribution to the report is analysis of KPTCL’s SCADA data (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) to assess the current power scenario in Karnataka and give actionable recommendations on how Decentralized Renewable Energy (DRE) solutions can play a role in achieving the “Power for All” target. We draw from our extensive experience on the field and help bring in a practitioner’s’ perspective to the conversation. The focus of our analysis was on the multi-dimensional factors of energy access that are vital from a livelihood perspective. This includes a careful analysis of the parameters of access (electrification rate), adequacy (per capita consumption), affordability (cost of supply), availability (duration of supply), and reliability.

The figures below highlight two important findings from this study. In the first graph, an assessment of district-wise access of the number and percentage of households to electricity indicates that Karnataka doesn’t fare too badly in comparison to the districts of other states. The average percentage of households that have access to electricity over all the districts is approximately 89 percent. Few districts including Bijapur, Kodagu and Yadgir still lag behind around 80 percent.

The second graph highlights the disparity in the provision of three phase power supply in Karnataka. Three phase supply is an important input for sustaining livelihood activities such as small scale and traditional industries. The average power supply for three-phase power in a year was nearly 20 hours only in Bangalore Urban, Udupi and Uttara Kannada districts. On the other hand, out of the total 30 districts, almost 20 of them receive less than 15 hours of supply and most of them fall in the North Karnataka region.

The results and findings from this study help build a case for DRE Solutions in offsetting a portion of the demand for grid-connected power as well as increasing energy access in remote/unelectrified areas and areas with unreliable power supply. Some of the next steps following this study include:

Undertake further Taluk level analysis to help inform local planning processes and identify potential sites for implementation of DRE solutions Pilot DRE solutions in such areas, including livelihood applications for small and micro enterprises to highlight benefits of increased productivity and energy efficiency Promote and replicate Energy Access mapping framework across other states to assess overall power scenario

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